Human trafficking and the economic/business sectors susceptible to be involved in the demand and supply chain of products and services resulting from victims’ exploitation

The study was developed within the framework of the Anti-trafficking stakeholders and economic sectors networking, cooperation to combat the business of human trafficking chain (NET-COMBAT-THB CHAIN) transnational project implemented with the financial support of the Internal Security Fund Police Programme of the European Union. The project is coordinated by Association Pro Refugiu Romania, in partnership with Center for the Study of Democracy Bulgaria, Center for European Constitutional Law Greece, Italian Coalition for Civil Liberties and Rights, Verein für Internationale Jugendarbeit e.V. Landesverein Germany.

The study, just like the entire project, is based on the current European and international context: the increasing demand for sexual services, the demand for cheap labour, the desire to make a profit with minimal investment are factors that intensify the activity of the networks of human trafficking. The economic and social situation in many countries has increased the vulnerability to trafficking of certain social groups. Human trafficking is a highly profitable business and the products of this criminal activity are largely reintroduced into the world economy and financial system.

Among the existing recommendations at European level is that the EU Member States must make the necessary efforts to identify and put a stop to the involvement of the public-private sector in the human trafficking or its complicity (even indirectly) in this trafficking through measures to ensure that those persons working in these areas are trained to recognize such cases and report them to the relevant authorities. States must encourage dialogue and partnerships with stakeholders in order to bring together economic sectors, NGOs, anti-trafficking experts, in joint actions against human trafficking and to support workers and their rights, including the fundamental labour rights. National and international companies need to be aware of the negative effects of human trafficking and make the necessary efforts to ensure that their products are not obtained through exploitation of persons.

Study Report (available here in English)

Study Report (available here in Romanian)

Study Report (available here in Greek)

Study Report (available here in Italian)

Study Report (available here in Bulgarian)

Study Report (available here in German)